Prediction and analysis of Coronavirus Disease 2019


In December 2019, a novel coronavirus was found in a seafood wholesale market in Wuhan, China. WHO officially named this coronavirus as COVID-19. Since the first patient was hospitalized on December 12, 2019, China has reported a total of 78,824 confirmed CONID-19 cases and 2,788 deaths as of February 28, 2020. Wuhan’s cumulative confirmed cases and deaths accounted for 61.1% and 76.5% of the whole China mainland, making it the priority center for epidemic prevention and control. Meanwhile, 51 countries and regions outside China have reported 4,879 confirmed cases and 79 deaths as of February 28, 2020. COVID-19 epidemic does great harm to people’s daily life and the country’s economic development. This paper adopts three kinds of mathematical models, i.e., the Logistic model, Bertalanffy model, and Gompertz model. The epidemic trends of SARS were first fitted and analyzed in order to prove the validity of the existing mathematical models. The results were then used to fit and analyze the situation of COVID-19. The prediction results of three different mathematical models are different for different parameters and in different regions. In general, the fitting effect of the Logistic model may be the best among the three models studied in this paper, while the fitting effect of the Gompertz model may be better than the Bertalanffy model. According to the current trend, based on the three models, the total number of people expected to be infected is 49852-57447 in Wuhan,12972-13405 in non-Hubei areas and 80261-85140 in China respectively. The total death toll is 2502-5108 in Wuhan, 107-125 in Non-Hubei areas and 3150-6286 in China respectively. COVID-19 will be over probably in late-April, 2020 in Wuhan and before late-March, 2020 in other areas respectively.